Grown in the area around Modena since the 19th century, this cherry variety began to be widely sold in the early years of the 1900s.
Though known as the Moretta di Vignola, in different places it can also be called ciliegia mora, Mora di Vignola, ciliegia nera or simply ciliegia to distinguish it from the firm-fleshed variety also found in the area, generically known as duroni. The fruits are of average size, the skin is thin, shiny and, when the fruits are completely ripe, almost black in color. The dark blackish-red flesh is tender and very juicy, with a sweet, slightly tart and very aromatic flavor. Excellent eaten fresh, they are also well suited to making jams and compotes.
Along the flat valley floors, the cherries ripen between the end of May and the first 10 days of June, while in hilly, mountain land the harvest can continue for all of June. In the 1940s and ‘50s the Vignola Moretta represented over 25% of cherry production in the province of Modena, concentrated mostly in the area around Vignola. These days, however, production has fallen to just a few dozen quintals.
The old Vignola Moretta plantings were characterized by large distances between the trees (e.g. 10 meters by 10 meters), which were intercropped with other species, like grapevines. When the spaces between the rows of trees were not grassed over, they would be planted with vegetables, grains or fodder crops.
In the 1980s it was replaced by more specialized plantations. Tall trees and the typical long wooden ladders used for the harvest almost completely disappeared, giving way to smaller trees, trained into espaliers or low bush shapes so that the fruit could be harvested from the ground or with the help of short ladders.
The Moretta has also been replaced by cultivars that start producing more quickly and whose fruits are better suited to storage and commercialization.
The Presidium wants to raise the profile of the Vignola Moretta cherry, both for its unique sensory characteristics and for the social and environmental value linked to the cultivation of tall trees and their harvesting techniques.
In collaboration with the Department of Agri-food Sciences and Technologies of the University of Bologna and the Department of Life Sciences of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Slow Food began to identify the most suitable lands for cherry cultivation with the aim of plant 5,000 new trees in the next 10 years.
Municipalities in the foothills area of Panaro river and Samoggia and Guerro streams of Modena province
Along the flat valley floors, the cherries ripen between the end of May and the first 10 days of June, while in hilly, mountain land the harvest can continue for all of June. All year long is available processed in compote.
Fondo Monteccuccoli, Vignola (MO), via Frignanese Impresa Mancini 12, tel. +39 349 1442850, email@example.com
Soc. Agr. Ripa di Sotto, Vignola (MO), Via Macchioni 1/1, tel. +39 059771819 / +39 340 2987892, firstname.lastname@example.org
Az. Agr. Pelloni Stefano, Vignola (MO), Via Macchioni 1/A, tel. +39 320 2925817 / +39 059 761582, email@example.com
Soc. Agr. Zanasi Marco e Claudio, Vignola (MO), via Guardate 4, tel. +39 331 3383866 / +39 059 762682, firstname.lastname@example.org
Az Agr. Rosi Maria Luisa, Vignola (MO), via Brodano, 22, tel. +39 340 3602535 / +39 059 761905, email@example.com
Az. Agr. Bernardoni Maria, Vignola (MO), via Consuma 3, Punto vendita via Maglio 1/ant, tel. +39 339 2984416, firstname.lastname@example.org
Az. Agr. La Bifolca, Vignola (MO), via dei Gelsi 150/5, tel. +39 333 9639611, email@example.com
Az. Agr. Maurizio Vezzali, Vignola (MO), Via Ca’ Barozzi, 26, tel. +39 347 3642500 /+39 059 774942, firstname.lastname@example.org
Az. Agr. Miani Massimo, Savignano sul Panaro (MO), via Cassino 555, tel. +39 335 8028877, email@example.com
Cassanelli Alan, Vignola (MO), via C.C. Baroni 2/ant5, tel. +39 349 5614587, firstname.lastname@example.org
Az. Agr. Luisa Garavini, Spilamberto (MO), Via Castelnuovo Rangone 4869, tel. +39 335 6832812 / +39 059 702649,, email@example.com
Soc. Agr. Parenti Saverio Eredi, Vignola (MO), via Macchioni 3, tel. +39 333 9937763 / +39 059 760656, firstname.lastname@example.org
Az. Agr. Daniela Gozzoli, Vignola – Guiglia (MO), tel. +39 3382438579, email@example.com
Massimo Gasiani, Vignola (MO), Via Zenzano 1/1, tel. +39 3392340590, firstname.lastname@example.org
Azienda agricola Lori Ivaldo, Vignola (MO), Via Fogliana Boschi 3, tel. +39 348 3925945, email@example.com
Il Pozzo di Tollari Lorenzo, Guiglia (MO), Via Castiglione 1518/d, tel. +39 3463594318, firstname.lastname@example.org
Fabio Pani, Savignano sul Panaro (MO), Via Claudia 6710/b, tel. +39 377 1503946, email@example.com
Azienda agricola Fantuzzi Marco, Vignola (MO), Via Confine 14/a, tel. +39 3386785003, firstname.lastname@example.org
Moreno Grandi, Via Frignanese 18, Vignola (MO), tel. +39 3381158586, email@example.com
Società agricola Bigone, Via Brodano 16, Vignola (MO), tel. +39 3348460161, firstname.lastname@example.org